Google made a major update to its page ranking algorithm that measures your website’s performance based on page experience. These metrics are called the Core Web Vitals. Simply, Google is trying to help you get insights into the issues hurting the user experience on your site.
Seeing that giving your web users an excellent experience means you may want to address a few things on your website. Assess your website for issues that lower these metrics, producing results below the required Core Web Vitals benchmark.
What are Core Web Vitals?
These are a set of factors that Google deems important in creating an excellent user experience for every web page. These factors are based on page loading speed, visual stability, and responsiveness. Responsiveness, in this case, means how quickly the page responds to commands such as taps and mouse clicks.
Optimizing your pages for quality user experience is vital to the long-term success of any website. User experience is also important in Americans with Disability Act (ADA) website design guidelines—see more on what does ADA compliant mean for websites.
But now Google is giving specifics to help you as a business owner, web development firms, marketers, etc, quantify each page’s experience. This gives you a chance to identify existing gaps and improve. Look at the different Metrics and how to improve them.
Largest Contentful Paint (LCP)
This is a measure of how fast content on the main page loads. The largest contentful paint may be an image, block of text, a video background, and such. The benchmark for this is 2.5 seconds. That means that if you have content that takes longer than 2.5 seconds to load, your site is in big trouble.
Images are among the biggest reasons for low scores. These images include background images, hero images, and inline images. You may want to compress your images, use the proper sizes and dimensions, set suitable width and height attributes to image tags, and implement lazy loading. And don’t forget to use alternative text for all images that convey information on-page in line with ADA compliance website design guidelines.
Cumulative Layout Shift (CLS)
Some websites have shifting problems where you can’t seem to click or tap on the content you need because it keeps moving. If your website seems to shift each time something loads, it creates a poor user experience. What this means is that there are some resources and content loading after the existing content.
Having images too big or ads that push content when the page fully loads is among the top reasons for shifting content. CLS score is based on the cumulative number of times a page layout shifts unexpectedly. The benchmark for a good CLS score is 0.1. A high score in CLS could signal a complete overhaul of your website.
First Input Delay(FID)
This is a measure or assessment of how interactive your pages are. It explicitly focuses on the first impression a user gets on how well your site processes commands. It measures commands from users such as key presses, taps, mouse clicks, and other commands. How your pages respond to user commands is an essential factor in creating a good user experience.
To have a good score, your FID needs to be under 100 milliseconds. However, FID only measures the first input processing delay. Not the entire time your browser takes to update content on the page. For example, when a page starts loading and a user clicks on something of interest, the time since the click to the time the page processes the command is your FID. the solution is optimizing page loading speeds.
Core Web Vitals are important metrics for measuring what your users experience on different pages in your sit. But above all, it’s crucial for your Search Engine Optimization as it has become a page ranking factor by Google.